Further Resources

Resources about the natural history of viral hepatitis:

Liaw YF, Chu CM. Hepatitis B virus infection. Lancet 2009;373(9663): 582-592.

Lauer GM, Walker BD. Hepatitis C virus infection. The New England journal of medicine 2001;345(1): 41-52. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11439948

Resources about viral hepatitis prevalence:

Mohd Hanafiah K, Groeger J, Flaxman AD, Wiersma ST. Global epidemiology of hepatitis C virus infection: new estimates of age-specific antibody to HCV seroprevalence. Hepatology 2013;57(4): 1333-1342.

Kowdley KV, Wang CC, Welch S, Roberts H, Brosgart CL. Prevalence of chronic hepatitis B among foreign-born persons living in the United States by country of origin. Hepatology 2011.

Hope VD, Eramova I, Capurro D, Donoghoe MC. Prevalence and estimation of hepatitis B and C infections in the WHO European Region: a review of data focusing on the countries outside the European Union and the European Free Trade Association. Epidemiology and infection 2014;142(2): 270-286.

Hepatitis B and C in the EU neighbourhood: Prevalence, burden of disease and screening policies: Literature review

Rossi C, Shrier I, Marshall L, Cnossen S, Schwartzman K, Klein MB, et al. Seroprevalence of chronic hepatitis B virus infection and prior immunity in immigrants and refugees: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PloS one 2012;7(9): e44611.

WHO Resources:

Global Hepatitis Programme http://www.who.int/hiv/topics/hepatitis/en/

Fact sheets on hepatitis B and C epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment and prevention etc. http://www.who.int/topics/hepatitis/en/

Resources about the global burden of liver disease and the contribution of viral hepatitis
Perz JF, Armstrong GL, Farrington LA, Hutin YJ, Bell BP. The contributions of hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus infections to cirrhosis and primary liver cancer worldwide. J Hepatol 2006;45(4): 529-538. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16879891

Lozano R, Naghavi M, Foreman K, Lim S, Shibuya K, Aboyans V, et al. Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 1990 and 2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet 2012;380(9859): 2095-2128.

Cowie BC, Carville KS, MacLachlan JH. Mortality due to viral hepatitis in the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010: new evidence of an urgent global public health priority demanding action. Antiviral therapy 2013;18(8): 953-954. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23756458

Cooke GS, Lemoine M, Thursz M, Gore C, Swan T, Kamarulzaman A, et al. Viral hepatitis and the Global Burden of Disease: a need to regroup. J Viral Hepat 2013;20(9): 600-601.